What Animals Do Foxes Eat?

What animals do foxes eat? This question often arises when we see foxes & their hunting strategy because they are cunning and elusive creatures of the wild and have long captured the fascination of humans with their graceful movements and enigmatic behaviors. One of the most fascinating aspects of their lives revolves around their dietary preferences. Foxes are known for their opportunistic nature, which makes us curious about their food choices. These omnivorous mammals have a diverse diet, ranging from small mammals to birds, insects to fruits, and even carrion. Understanding what animals foxes eat is important because it helps us to appreciate how they fit into their environment and how they keep the balance of predator-prey relationships in check. In this article, we’ll dive into the fascinating world of foxes’ eating habits and explore the different types of prey they consume. We’ll also highlight the clever strategies they use to catch their prey.

What Animals do Foxes Eat?

What Do Foxes Eat And Drink?

Foxes have a various diet that includes both animal-based and plant-based foods. Their diet is based on their habitat, location, and the availability of food sources. Here’s a breakdown of what foxes eat and drink:

  1. Animal-Based Foods
  2. Small Mammals
  3. Birds
  4. Insects
  5. Plant-Based Foods
  6. Fruits

Drinking Habits:

Foxes need water to survive, just like any other animal. Foxes drink water from various sources, including rivers, streams, ponds, puddles, and water sources in their habitats. They are known to visit water bodies for drinking and occasionally for hunting.

What Animals Do Foxes Eat?

What Animals do Foxes Eat?

Foxes primarily eat small mammals like rabbits, mice, and voles, which make up a significant portion of their food intake. Further, foxes are opportunistic predators and may eat birds, insects, and even fruits in their diet, particularly during certain seasons. Their adaptable nature enables them to adjust their diet according to their environment and the availability of food sources. In urban areas, foxes might scavenge for discarded human food. Below is a detailed review of animals that foxes eat:

Animal Prey

What Animals do Foxes Eat?

Foxes primarily hunt small mammals and birds. Some of their main animal prey include:

Small Mammals

What Animals do Foxes Eat?

  1. Rodents: They commonly prey on rodents like mice, rats, voles, and squirrels. These small mammals are often easy for foxes to catch due to their small size.
  2. Rabbits and Hares: Larger species, like red foxes, are known to hunt rabbits and hares. These prey animals provide a more substantial meal for foxes.
  3. Moles and Shrews: Foxes may also target moles and shrews, although these are less common prey due to their secretive and burrowing behaviors.


  1. Ground-Nesting Birds: Foxes can raid nests to consume eggs and young birds of ground-nesting species such as quails, pheasants, and waterfowl.
  2. Songbirds: In some cases, they might catch small songbirds if they have the opportunity to them.
  3. Bird Eggs: Did you know that foxes are notorious for snatching up eggs from different kinds of birds? These clever creatures are always on the lookout for a tasty treat, and unfortunately for our feathered pets, their eggs are often on the menu.

Insects and Invertebrates:

It’s interesting to note that foxes sometimes incorporate insects and invertebrates into their diet. Although these food items may not make up a large portion of their food intake, they do provide a valuable source of protein. Here are a few examples of the insects and invertebrates they may consume:

Beetles and Insects

  1. Beetles: Foxes may consume beetles and their larvae, particularly during the insects’ season & when they are in large numbers, and when other food sources are scarce.
  2. Grasshoppers and Crickets: They eat these insects if they are available in their environment.
  3. Earthworms: As cunning as they are, foxes have a secret hobby: digging for earthworms in the soil. It’s their little secret to finding an additional food source.

Scavenging Behavior:

Foxes play an important role in our ecosystem as they are efficient scavengers, similar to hyenas. They help to keep the environment clean by consuming the remains of animals that have already passed away, such as larger animals killed by other predators or those that have been hit by vehicles on the road.

Do Foxes Eat Squirrels?

Yes, foxes eat squirrels. Squirrels are among the small mammals that are part of the diet of many fox species. Foxes, especially red foxes, are skilled hunters and predators, and they hunt squirrels when the opportunity arises. Squirrels provide a good source of protein and energy for foxes.

Red foxes, which are one of the most widespread and adaptable fox species, are known to prey on squirrels along with various other small mammals. Foxes use their keen senses, including their acute hearing and sharp vision, to locate and capture squirrels. It’s interesting to note that squirrels are as fast as foxes, & are often prey for foxes. In urban areas, red foxes might even find squirrels in backyards or parks and catch them.

Read More: About Canadian Marble Fox

Do Foxes Eat Fish?

Yes, foxes occasionally eat fish, although fish are not a staple of their diet, like small mammals, birds, and insects. Here’s some information about foxes and their consumption of fish:
While foxes are known for their terrestrial hunting skills, they may occasionally include fish in their diet if they live near bodies of water such as streams, ponds, and lakes. However, it’s worth noting that fish are not typically a primary food source for most fox species.

If they come across fish that are easily accessible, such as fish in shallow waters or fish that have washed ashore, they might consume them.
Foxes are known scavengers and are likely to eat fish even if they find them dead because it does not matter to foxes whether their prey is alive or dead. They eat everything that is in front of their eyes. Fish that have died due to natural causes, predation, or environmental factors can become a potential food source for foxes.

Do Foxes Eat Cats?

Foxes are generally not known to be predators of domestic cats. While there have been rare instances of foxes preying on small cats, these occurrences are not common and are usually limited to specific circumstances. The relationship between foxes and cats is more often one of avoidance rather than predation. Here’s some information on this topic:

Size Similarity:

Foxes and domestic cats have similar sizes, and it’s interesting to note that adult cats are typically too large for a fox to consider as prey. Foxes prefer to target smaller animals that are easier to catch and subdue.

Avoidance Behavior:

Cats are territorial animals and are generally wary of potential threats, including foxes. Cats are more likely to avoid areas where they sense the presence of predators, which reduces close encounters with foxes.

Rare Incidents:

It’s worth noting that in some cases, foxes have been known to attack small cats, especially those that are young or unwell. These incidents might occur when food resources are scarce, and they have an easier prey option. However, such instances are not representative of typical fox behavior.

How Often Do Foxes Eat?

Foxes have a highly adaptive feeding behavior that varies depending on various factors, including their species, age, health, and environmental conditions. Their eating patterns depend on the food availability in their habitat and their hunting success. As opportunistic feeders, foxes are known for their ability to adjust their feeding behavior to ensure they get the necessary nutrients to survive in their environment. Here’s an overview of how often foxes might eat:

Eating Patterns

Foxes do not have strict eating schedules like some animals; instead, they prefer to eat when they are hungry and when food is available.

Daily Feeding

Foxes may eat multiple times a day, especially when food is plentiful. They might feed during early morning hours, late afternoon, and sometimes at night.

Seasonal Factors

In certain seasons, such as during the breeding season or when raising young kits, foxes may increase their hunting and feeding activities to provide for their increased energy needs.

What Animals Do Foxes Eat? Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the dietary habits of foxes exhibit a remarkable adaptability that allows them to thrive in various environments. As predators and scavengers, their primary diet consists of small mammals, birds, insects, and plant matter. They have been observed consuming fish and occasionally preying on smaller domestic animals such as cats, although this behavior is not common.


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