Have you ever wondered about the number of tigers in Nepal? Nepal is renowned for its majestic tigers, which are revered around the globe for their unparalleled grace and power. The story of Nepal’s tiger conservation efforts is simply remarkable, characterized by a remarkable resurgence in the population of these magnificent big cats, which are now thriving in their natural habitat. In this article, we’ll explore the number of tigers in Nepal & how they managed to reverse the fate of its tigers, going from a dwindling population to a thriving one.
Number of tigers in Nepal: The Tiger Census
The government of Nepal undertakes a crucial Tiger Census whenever there is a looming threat of extinction to their tiger population. This monumental task requires extensive planning, utilization of the latest technology, and unwavering commitment from numerous wildlife experts and conservationists who work tirelessly to preserve these majestic creatures.
The Latest Figures:
Nepal’s Tiger Census has made significant strides in accurately counting the tiger population within its borders. The use of advanced techniques, such as camera traps, field surveys, and genetic analysis, has allowed Nepal to achieve remarkable accuracy in determining the latest tiger population figures. The most recent census results are a cause for optimism as they reveal a heartening increase in the number of tigers, with approximately 355 currently living in the country. This significant upswing from previous counts is a promising sign of a resurgence in the tiger population.
The Nepal Government used camera traps in the tiger census, equipped with motion sensors and infrared technology. They had discreetly captured images of tigers as they roamed their natural habitats. Not only do these images help identify individual tigers, but they also provide insights into their behavior and movements.
Where Are Tigers in Nepal?
Tigers in Nepal primarily inhabit various protected areas and national parks throughout the country. These regions offer the tigers a secure environment where they can thrive. Here are some of the critical locations where tigers are found in Nepal:
- Chitwan National Park: Chitwan National Park is one of the most renowned tiger habitats in the country. It covers lush forests and grasslands along the Rapti River and provides an ideal home for a significant population of tigers.
- Bardiya National Park: Situated in the western Terai region, Bardiya National Park is another crucial tiger conservation area. Its remote and relatively undisturbed wilderness is home to a growing tiger population.
- Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park: This park, situated near the bustling city of Kathmandu, is a unique destination for wildlife enthusiasts due to its proximity to urban areas. One of the park’s main attractions is the opportunity to observe majestic tigers in their natural habitat.
How Many Types of Tigers in Nepal?
In Nepal, primarily two types or subspecies of tigers can be found:
Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris):
- Description: The Bengal tiger is the most common and widely distributed tiger subspecies around the globe. In Nepal, it is also known as the Royal Bengal Tiger. These tigers have a coat that varies in color from orange to light brown, with characteristic dark stripes that are unique to each tiger.
- Habitat: Bengal tigers in Nepal can be found in a range of habitats, including grasslands, subtropical and tropical forests, and hilly regions.
- Population: The majority of tigers in Nepal belong to the Bengal tiger subspecies. The population of these tigers has been consistently on the rise, thanks to the ongoing conservation efforts, as mentioned earlier.
Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti):
- Description: Indochinese tigers are slightly smaller and lighter in color than Bengal tigers. They have a coat that ranges from light brown to yellowish-orange with prominent dark stripes.
- Habitat: Indochinese tigers are mainly found in the lowland Terai region of southwestern Nepal. Their habitat includes dense forests, grasslands, and riverine areas.
- Population: The Indochinese tiger population in Nepal is concentrated in specific regions and is smaller than that of Bengal tigers.